Hello and a warm welcome back to HuwsNursery.
In today’s video you will learn or be refreshed about the top ways to growing healthier vegetables
in your organic garden. Organic gardening faces more challenges than conventional gardening
methods due to a zero-tolerance to harmful chemical use. But, it is very possible to
get a higher-yielding harvest because other gardening methods overlook fundamental points
to a stronger crop. This brings me to the first tip. Nitrogen
fixation. Nitrogen fixation is a key building block to a fertile soil for your vegetables.
Plants need the ammonia form of nitrogen for essential life components like proteins and
amino-acids however they can’t use the nitrogen which makes up 80% of the air we breathe in.
Therefore planting legumes like peas and beans will fix nitrogen in the soil by being stored
in their nodes. This nitrogen can then be used up by other plants requiring this. Companion
plant broad beans, sugar snap peas, peas and other legumes with other vegetables and as
a result they will promote plant growth. Secondly is to mulch raised beds in the autumn
with a 3inch layer of either well-rotted manure, leaves or leaf mould and cover with a dark
plastic. Make sure it is moist beforehand. This will let earthworms and decomposers to
work thoroughly at decomposing the organic matter over winter resulting in a more fertile
soil to grow vegetables in spring and also being warmer as the black plastic absorbs
warmth. Ensure you poke a few holes to allow a flow of oxygen otherwise decomposition will
not be possible. If you’ll like to see a detailed video click on the annotation above
and learn the steps to success in 6 minutes. Thirdly is growing in containers. This is
an especially important tip if you have a small garden or even limited to a balcony
but growing organic vegetables can be done in almost any situation. Also people with
larger gardens should strive to include containers to grow some of their produce in but why?
Containers makes it easy to transport plants, stops them becoming invasive for example Mint
and it can be used to grow vegetables on hard surfaces for example on a patio on a trellis
which will maximise yields. Containers don’t have to be plastic. You can easily assemble
together wooden plant boxes or make hanging baskets out of dowels to grow cherry tomatoes.
Possibility is endless. My fourth tip is to work with nature by attracting
beneficial insects such as pollinators or bugs which will help keep pest numbers down.
I strongly suggest you devote at least 10% of your space to attracting beneficial insects.
That does not mean to simply plant flowers as you can still use the plants you grow as
food. Borage is one well known flowering herb which both attracts dozen of beneficial insects
but you can also add the leaves and flowers to salads. A colourful way to bring pollinators
is to grow a flower border consisting of herbs for the likes of marjoram, mint and borage
along with cornflowers and buckwheat. This will create a paradise for visiting bees and
why not create a movable paradise for example planting in a bucket or a wheelbarrow and
be able to move it around your garden? The fifth and final tip for growing organic
vegetables is to get ahead of the game with weeds. As organic vegetable gardening is against
the use of chemical weed sprays it can only take a few weeks to get overrun by weeds.
Weeds unfortunately will always outgrow vegetables. Originally all vegetables were weeds but after
thousands of years of cultivation they’re weaker therefore weeds will win in the battle
for space. But there are plenty of methods which will help you get that vital step ahead
of the game. My personal favourite method is mulching using up the abundance of free
resources for example leaves, cardboard and grass clippings we can source from our own
backyard, in the house or in your local park. This fall collect leaves and in the spring
you can use them to place in between rows of plants stopping light hit the bare patches
of ground and also adding nutrients as they slowly decompose. Add a 2-3 inch layer and
repeat when you see weeds poking through. Another great mulch is wood-chippings which
you can get for free or for a very cheap price in a local saw mill. Black plastic is a less
aesthetically appealing method however we got great results when we used it to plant
our squashes and you can see that video by finding the link in the description.
I hope that you have found this video interesting and I would love to know what your top tips
are? So please post them down in the comments section. Thank you for watching and I’ll
see you again soon in another video, remember, don’t panic and grow organic!